XAMPP is free web server software to execute scripts written in certain languages (Perl, Apache, PHP). It’s not very difficult to install, and this article will tell you how to install it on Linux.
By the way: In the past this software was called LAMPP but to avoid misconceptions we renamed it to »XAMPP for Linux«. So if you are seeking for LAMPP you’re on the right track. 😉
If you encounter any problems with XAMPP please feel free to get in touch with us. This will help us to improve XAMPP and make it more useful for everybody
INSTALASION IN 4 STEP
Step 1: Download
Simply click on here. It’s a good idea to get the latest version. 🙂
A complete list of downloads (older versions) is available at SourceForge.
A detailed overview over the changes and contents of all XAMPP releases is available in the RELEASE NOTES.
Attention: If you download these files on a Windows system and you’re running McAfee virus scanner you may get a false positive virus warning. This is a problem with McAfee and gzip-compressed files, it should be ignored.
Step 2: Installation
After downloading simply type in the following commands:
1. Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:
2. cp your download to file /opt/
# mzherri:/# home/mzherri/Downloads # cp xampp-linux-1.7.4.tar.gz /opt/
3. extract the xampp-linux.1.7.4.tar.gz ()
# mzherri:/opt # tar xvfz xampp-linux 1.7.4.tar.gz
4. Or You can directly extract the downloaded archive file to /opt:
# mzherri:/opt # tar xvfz xampp-linux-1.7.7.tar.gz -C /opt
Warning: Please use only this command to install XAMPP. DON’T use any Microsoft Windows tools to extract the archive, it won’t work.
Warning 2: already installed XAMPP versions get overwritten by this command.
That’s all. XAMPP is now installed below the /opt/lampp directory
Step 3: Start
To start XAMPP simply call this command:
#mzherri:/opt # lampp/lampp start
or you can with
#mzherri/home/mzherri/Download:/ tar xvfz /opt/lampp/lampp start
You should now see something like this on your screen:
#mzherri:/opt # lampp/lampp start
Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.4...
XAMPP: XAMPP-Apache is already running.
XAMPP: XAMPP-MySQL is already running.
XAMPP: XAMPP-ProFTPD is already running.
XAMPP for Linux started.
Ready. appache and MySQL are running
If you get any error messages please take a look at the Linux FAQ.
Step 4: Test
OK, that was easy but how can you check that everything really works? Just type in the following URL at your favourite web browser:
Now you should see the start page of XAMPP containing some links to check the status of the installed software and some small programming examples.
The Instant Art example: A small PHP/GD program (since 0.9.6pre1 also a flashy PHP/Ming example, see screenshot). Thanks to Anke Arnold for her font »AnkeCalligraph«.
A MATTER OF SECURITY ( MUST BE READ ! )
As mentioned before, XAMPP is not meant for production use but only for developers in a development environment. The way XAMPP is configured is to be open as possible and allowing the developer anything he/she wants. For development environments this is great but in a production environment it could be fatal.
Here a list of missing security in XAMPP:
- The MySQL administrator (root) has no password.
- The MySQL daemon is accessible via network.
- ProFTPD uses the password “lampp” for user “nobody”.
- PhpMyAdmin is accessible via network.
- Examples are accessible via network.
- MySQL and Apache running under the same user (nobody).
To fix most of the security weaknesses simply call the following command:
#mzherri:/# /opt/lampp/lampp security
It starts a small security check and makes your XAMPP installation quite secure. For example this protects the XAMPP demo pages by a username (‘lampp’) and password combination.
To stop XAMPP simply call this command:
# mzherri: #/opt/lampp/lampp stop
You should now see:
Stopping LAMPP 1.7.4…
Stopping LAMPP 1.7.7...
LAMPP: Stopping Apache...
LAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command:
#mzherri:/# /opt/lampp/lampp stop